Analysis of histopathological abnormalities in the gills of Astyanax jacuhiensis (Characidae) for assessment of water quality in the Ijuí River, southern Brazil

Luciano Basso da Silva, Emitério da Rosa Neto, Günther Gehlen, Jeferson Rodrigues Batista, Gabriela Zimmermann Prado Rodrigues

Resumen


The aim of this study was to assess histopathological alterations in the gills of Astyanax jacuhiensis from different points along the Ijuí River and to determine if these abnormalities can be used as biomarkers in biomonitoring studies. Fish specimens were collected from three sites on the Ijuí River in winter and summer and examined histologically for abnormalities of the secondary lamellae of their gills. For each fish, estimates were made of the frequencies of lamellae with edema, hyperplasia, hypertrophy, epithelium lifting, lamellar fusion or deformation, in addition to the overall frequency of abnormal lamellae and the number of abnormalities per lamella. No differences were observed between sampling points during the winter. In summer the frequency of lamellae with hypertrophy was significantly higher at site 3 (Pirapó) than at site 2 (Santo Ângelo) and the frequency of abnormal lamellae was increased at site 1 (Ijuí) in comparison to site 3. Additionally, all three sample points had a significantly higher value in the winter than in the summer for one of the histological parameters analyzed. These results indicate temporal and spatial variation in the level of contamination of the Ijuí River and also shows that fish gill histopathology can be used for in situ biomonitoring studies.


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Acta Toxicológica Argentina ISSN 0327 9286 (impreso) - ISSN 1851-3743 (en línea). Alsina 1441, Of. 302, (CP 1088), C.A.B.A. www.ataonline.org.ar