AN INTEGRATIVE APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF BONE TOOL MANUFACTURE AND USE: THE CASE OF THE ST. LAWRENCE IROQUOIANS

Christian Gates St-Pierre, Clare St-Germain, Michelle Courtemanche, Claude Chapdelaine, Matthew Collins

Resumen


The McDonald, Droulers and Mailhot-Curran sites are part of the St. Anicet cluster of St. Lawrence Iroquoian villages, located in southern Quebec. After many years of archaeological excavations, the three sites have yielded large quantities of faunal remains, including numerous bone tools and manufacturing debris. The assemblages are currently being analysed as part of a new research project aiming at a better understanding of the exploitation of the faunal resources by the St. Lawrence Iroquoians. To attain this goal, an integrative approach was developed, combining the insights provided by a series of methods and techniques developed in the field of archaeological sciences (archaeometry), namely zooarchaeological, technological, functional (microwear), and biomolecular analyses. This paper presents the first results of these analyses.

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