WHOLE VERTEBRATES AND INVERTEBRATES RELATED TO HUMAN BURIALS FROM XINGO REGION, SERGIPE AND ALAGOAS STATES, NORTHEASTERN BRAZIL

Albérico Nogueira de Queiroz, Olivia Alexandre de Carvalho, Jaciara Andrade Silva, Carlos Eduardo Cardoso

Resumen


There were found and studied the total of 207 human skeletons recovered from two archaeological sites located at Canindé de São Francisco city in Sergipe State and Delmiro Gouveia city in Alagoas State, both also known as Xingó region. These prehistoric sites were named as “Justino” (at Sergipe State) and “São José II” (at Alagoas State). About the tombs from Justino site, 54 skeletons were recovered from the first chronological occupation, called as “Justino A (JUSTA)”, 77 skeletons from “Justino B (JUSTB)” chronological occupation, 40 skeletons from “Justino C (JUSTC)” chronological occupation and, 6 skeletons from “Justino D (JUSTD)”. The radiocarbon dating obtained from carbonized wood
for the Justino site is back from 1280±45 C14BP (LY-5750) and 8950±70 C14BP (BETA-86745) and for the São José II is back from 3500±110 C14BP (BETA-86739) and 4140±90 C14BP (BETA-86740). The types of burials recovered from these two sites mentioned above are very varied. The whole vertebrates were found in both men and women tombs and there were related with pottery pieces while invertebrates comprised of bivalve and gastropods mollusks as adornments found in women burials only, indicating a complex funerary ritual to this human group.

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