FROM THE VIRGIN OF GUADALUPE TO TONANTZÍN AND BEYOND: CHAYO’S IDENTITY CONSTRUCTION IN LITTLE MIRACLES, KEPT PROMISES BY SANDRA CISNEROS.

Alicia Rita Agueda Collado

Resumen


This work describes the process of identity construction experienced by Chayo in the short story Little miracles, kept promises (1991) by Sandra Cisneros. Female identity construction is explored in this work through a two-fold analysis: On the one hand, it is analyzed through Chayo’s subversion of the socially-constructed gender roles oppressing women in the Chicano community, and through the exploration of the role played by institutionalized religion in the perpetuation of these forms of oppression. On the other hand, female identity construction is explored in terms of religious syncretism and the acceptance of hybridity as distinctive qualities of Chicana identity. Chayo is able to construct her identity by synthezing her fragmented contradictory identities -her indigenous roots, her Mexican heritage and her American present, by understanding the Virgin of Guadalupe as a synthesis herself and by recuperating the Virgin’s genesis and metamorphosis as a symbol of resistance for Chicanas.


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