Bacterial diversity in roots of conventional and genetically modified hybrid maize

L Vital López, MA Cruz Hernández, S Fernández Dávila, A Mendoza Herrera


Cultivated surfaces of genetically modified (GM) crops increased year by year, becoming in 2012 more extensive in developed than in industrialized countries. Furthermore, it has been postulated that the plant is which leads to the selection of the microorganisms on its root exudates, creating specific conditions which in turn regulate the specific microbial structure of each plant. In this study, our main objective was to examine whether the introduction of transgenic maize herbicide-tolerant plants will impact the microbial structures that inhabit at the rhizosphere and rhizoplane with respect to conventional hybrid maize plants. Bacterial populations were determined (CFU/g) using four different semi-selective media. The bacterial genera isolated from the rhizoplane and rhizosphere were identified by sequencing its 16S ribosomal DNA. Although minor differences were found in bacterial populations, our results indicated that there was not a strong change of the microorganisms populations that interact at the rhizosphere of an either conventional hybrid or genetically modified maize. However, we found some bacteria that were only isolated in the either genetically modified [Chryseobacterium sp. (4.39%) and Micrococcus sp. (3.72%)] or conventional maize [Sphingobium sp. (13.17%) and Microbacteriumsp. (14.81%)].

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Phyton. International Journal of Experimental Botany. ISSN print 0031-9457 ISSN en line 1851-5657 Fundación Rómulo Raggio Gaspar Campos 861,  Vicente López, Buenos Aires, Argentina (C.P. 1638) Tel 54 11 4791-0868 / 4796-1456