Angiogenesis in Vulnerable Atherosclerotic Plaques in Apparently Healthy Human Hearts

Ernesto Duronto, Carlos Vigliano, Patricia Cabeza Meckert, Alejandro Bertolotti, Rubén Laguens, Enrique Gurfinkel

Abstract


Background

Angiogenesis or neovascularization involves the formation of new blood vessels in the adjacency of preexisting vessels. This vascular proliferation is prevalent in various clinical circumstances, such as atherosclerosis. Microvessels in coronary artery atherosclerotic plaques may contribute to plaque instability.

Objectives

To correlate the presence of angiogenesis in atherosclerotic plaques with the criteria of vulnerable plaque used by the American Heart Association (AHA).


Material and Methods

A total of 121 hearts from non-diabetic and apparently healthy transplant donors older than 40 years were selected. The coronary arteries were examined and all areas of cross-sectional luminal narrowing underwent histological, immunohistochemical and morphometric studies. We used a semi-quantitative score (scale 0-3) for identification of angiogenesis. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify angiogenesis-related risk factors.

Results

We found 143 high-risk lesions (AHA type IV, V and VI) in the left anterior descending coronary artery (46.3%), in the circumflex coronary artery (28.9%) and in the right coronary artery (43%). Angiogenesis had a statistically significant association with the severity of vascular occlusion, inflammatory cell infiltration, the presence of a lipid core, fibrosis and periarteritis. The history of HT was associated with angiogenesis only in lesions of the LAD artery. According to the AHA classification we detected angiogenesis in one lesion Type II; five in plaques Type III; 21 in lesions Type IV; 22 in Type V; and 7 in plaques Type VI.

Conclusions

Angiogenesis in vulnerable plaques was associated with the severity of vascular occlusion, inflammatory cell infiltration, fibrosis and the presence of a lipid core, HT in lesions of the LAD. There was no association between plaque hemorrhage or calcification, suggesting that angiogenesis may anticipate plaque rupture.

 


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Revista argentina de cardiología. ISSN en línea 1850-3748. Argentine journal of cardiology (English ed. Online ISSN 2314-2286) Sociedad Argentina de Cardiología. Azcuénaga 980 (C1115AAD),Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, República Argentina. Tel. (54 11) 4961-6027/8/9 Fax: 4961-6020 www.sac.org.ar revista@sac.org.ar