Mimicking Preconditioning by Vagal Stimulation. Effects on Ventricular Function in a Chronic Experimental Model

Verena Franco Riveros, Bruno Buchholz, Eduardo Bernatené, Martín Donato, Ricardo J. Gelpi

Abstract


Background: Previous studies have shown that preischemic vagal electrostimulation (pVS) reduces acute myocardial infarctsize, without a significant improvement on ventricular function within the two-hour reperfusion period. It is unknown whichare the long-term effects of pVS on left ventricular function (LVF).Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze whether the protective effects of brief pVS on acute infarct size improvesLVF in a chronic myocardial ischemia-reperfusion model.Methods: FVB mice were subjected to 45-minutes regional myocardial ischemia followed by 2 hours of reperfusion or 28-daypost-reperfusion follow-up with or without 10-minutes pVS. Infarct size (IS) was measured with 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazoliumchloride, and LVF was assessed by echocardiography and left ventricular catheterization.Results: Preischemic vagal stimulation reduced IS from 66.8±3.2% to 43.2±1.6% (p <0.001) at 2 hours of reperfusion, without afavorable LVF response. At 28 days, the pVS group exhibited LVF improvement, with lower left ventricular end-diastolic pressure(4.44±1 vs. 6.91±1 mmHg in the control group; p<0.05), higher ejection fraction (69.7±2.8% vs. 59.3±3.2; p<0.05), greatershortening fraction (33.4±2.23 vs. 25.8±1.8%; p<0.05) and lower isovolumic relaxation time (25±0.8 ms vs. 30.3±1.2 ms; p<0.05)Conclusions: In a mice model of myocardial ischemia and reperfusion, mimicking ischemic preconditioning by VS improvesthe chronic outcome of infarction, resulting in greater LVF recovery

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Revista argentina de cardiología. ISSN en línea 1850-3748. Argentine journal of cardiology (English ed. Online ISSN 2314-2286) Sociedad Argentina de Cardiología. Azcuénaga 980 (C1115AAD),Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, República Argentina. Tel. (54 11) 4961-6027/8/9 Fax: 4961-6020 www.sac.org.ar revista@sac.org.ar