Left Atrial Function by Speckle Tracking in Liver Cirrhosis. A Cross-sectional Study

Zuilma Vasquez-Ortiz, Verónica Rendon-Bravo, Pablo Reyes-Hernández, Jorge Osequera-Moguel

Abstract


Background: Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy is the systolic and/or diastolic dysfunction of the left ventricle at rest or stress, in theabsence of other cardiovascular conditions, and worsens the prognosis after transplant or other liver surgical procedures.Objective: The aim of the study was to characterize left atrial function with speckle tracking in cirrhotic patients.Methods: Ninety-nine consecutive patients with liver cirrhosis of different etiology were included in the study. All patientsunderwent rest echocardiographic evaluation with measurement of left ventricular and atrial function using traditionaltechniques, three-dimensional measurements and speckle tracking.Results: Median age was 50.9 years and 40% were men. No alterations of left ventricular systolic function were observed.Twenty-seven percent of patients had diastolic dysfunction and dilatation of the left atrium, the latter with a significantincrease according to the Child stage and left atrial pump function was altered in 29% of cases.Conclusion: Cirrhotic patients present left ventricular diastolic dysfunction and alterations of left atrial systolic functionmeasured by speckle tracking.

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