Normal Values of Thoracic Aorta Dimensions by Echocardiography. The MATEAR (Measurement of Thoracic Aorta by Echocardiography in Argentina) Registry

Iván Constantin, Juan Benger, Federico Asch, Celeste Carrero, Silvia Makhoul, Sergio Baratta, Rodrigo Bagnatti, Federico Cintora

Abstract


Background: Differences in the thoracic aorta diameters have been found according to sex, age and body surface area. However,the results are very heterogeneous.Objectives: The aim of this study was to establish the normal thoracic aortic diameters (AoD) by transthoracic echocardiography inour population and to analyze the influence of anthropometric, demographic and ethnic variables.Methods: A national, prospective and multicenter registry was performed including 1,000 healthy adults (mean age: 38.3±12.7years, 553 women, 56.7% of Caucasian origin and 38.3% Native Americans). Aortic measurements were made at 6 levels followingcurrent recommendations: aortic annulus, aortic sinuses, sinotubular junction, proximal ascending aorta, aortic arch and proximaldescending aorta.Results: The 95th percentile of all absolute AoD was below 3.80 cm; AoD indexed by height was 2.08 cm/m and 2.11 cm/m2 indexedby body surface area (BSA). The global analysis showed a positive and significant correlation of all AoD with BSA and height, aswell as with age, except for the aortic annulus which did not change over time. In individuals with increased body mass index, BSAdid not correlate with AoD. Women had lower AoD in all segments and in the aortic root, even after indexing it by height. NativeAmerican subjects had lower absolute and indexed AoD than Caucasian ones at all aortic levels (p <0.01), except for the proximaldescending aorta, which showed no significant differences.Conclusions: Demographic, anthropometric and ethnic variables were significant determinants of aortic dimensions at all levels, sothey must be taken into account for interpretation.

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Revista argentina de cardiología. ISSN en línea 1850-3748. Argentine journal of cardiology (English ed. Online ISSN 2314-2286) Sociedad Argentina de Cardiología. Azcuénaga 980 (C1115AAD),Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, República Argentina. Tel. (54 11) 4961-6027/8/9 Fax: 4961-6020 www.sac.org.ar revista@sac.org.ar