Psychosocial aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Mendoza population

José Miguel Picco, Emanuel González Dávila, Emanuel González Dávila, Sebastián Wolff, Sebastián Wolff, Verónica Gómez, Verónica Gómez, David Wolff, David Wolff

Abstract


Background: In March 2020 the World Health Organization (WHO) declared SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus disease a pandemic,and since then the largest psychological experiment in the world is being carried out: social isolation.Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze the psychosocial aspects of confinement and the restrictions imposed by thepandemic in the city of Mendoza, ArgentinaMethods: An anonymous survey using social networks (WhatsApp, Instagram, Facebook and e-mail) was designed to assessthe psychosocial and behavioral aspects of mandatory confinement due to the pandemic and its impact in the population thatattends the Institute of Cardiology and Sports in the city of Mendoza and Greater Mendoza.Results: The survey was answered by 915 persons within 10 days of sending the link; 49% of participants were between 20 and40 years old with a majority of female gender. In 80.7% of cases they performed physical exercise during the confinement, butonly 3.8% maintained the previous number of hours of weekly activity, 44% increased their time in front of a screen and 61%altered their healthy eating habits. At least 60% of the surveyed population reported symptoms compatible with depression:anxiety, sadness, unwillingness or hopelessness.Conclusions: Confinement without allowing outdoor activities, notwithstanding the proscription of social contact, is associatedwith changes in healthy lifestyle.

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Revista argentina de cardiología. ISSN en línea 1850-3748. Argentine journal of cardiology (English ed. Online ISSN 2314-2286) Sociedad Argentina de Cardiología. Azcuénaga 980 (C1115AAD),Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, República Argentina. Tel. (54 11) 4961-6027/8/9 Fax: 4961-6020 www.sac.org.ar revista@sac.org.ar