Risks of Cardiovascular Disease Patients in Times of COVID-19. A Survey of the Argentine Foundation of Cardiology

Stella Maris Pereiro, Fiorella Tartaglione, Gonzalo R. Díaz Babio, Miguel J. Schiavone, Fabián C. Gelpi, María A. Angrisani, Analia Aquieri, Julio C. Giorgini, Francisco Toscano Quilón, Jorge E. Tartaglione

Abstract


Background: The COVID-19 pandemic led to the implementation of massive lockdown measures producing a reduction inconsultations, diagnostic tests, treatments and admissions for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events and cancer.Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the access to medical care and health care information in patients withcardiovascular diseases during social, preventive, and mandatory confinement in Argentina.Results: A total of 1,487 surveys were analyzed. Mean age was 56.17 ± 14.0 years; 66.8% of survey respondents were women,38.9% lived in the Greater Buenos Aires area and 27.1 % in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. The most commonlyreported main cardiovascular disease was hypertension (52.1%); 42% required medical care and 57.9% could not access toconsultation due to issues related with the health system in 68.2% of cases. Only 16.4% did not request medical care for fearof becoming infected with COVID-19. Seventy-two percent required prescriptions and 13% did not obtain them. Access tovaccination was normal in 41.4% of respondents. Social mandatory isolation was respected in 92.4% of cases. Finally, 54.6%of the surveyed population felt unprotected by the health system.Conclusions: We believe that access of the population with chronic cardiovascular diseases to the health system should bewarranted in order to adapt monitoring and minimize hospitalization due to decompensation in this high-risk population.

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Revista argentina de cardiología. ISSN en línea 1850-3748. Argentine journal of cardiology (English ed. Online ISSN 2314-2286) Sociedad Argentina de Cardiología. Azcuénaga 980 (C1115AAD),Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, República Argentina. Tel. (54 11) 4961-6027/8/9 Fax: 4961-6020 www.sac.org.ar revista@sac.org.ar