Developing Skills in Cardiovascular Primary Prevention in Undergraduate Education for a Vertical Integration of Physiology

Mario Dvorkin, Verónica Ferro, Alejandro P. Kondayen, Martín Hunter, Lucía Comastri, Abel Benedetto, María C. Carrero, Nicolás Bettinelli, Ignacio Prieto, José Milei

Abstract


Physiology is a discipline that plays a key role in the integration of basic and clinical science. Knowing and understanding the adaptive mechanisms of the body to the different physiological and pathophysiological scenarios are essential for clinical thinking. The growing gap between basic and clinical disciplines, particularly in discipline-oriented curriculum, has generated the need for educational tools in order to contextualise, integrate, motivate and encourage students in the active learning of the most relevant concepts of professional practice. We designed a course for developing skills in cardiovascular primary prevention that would allow undergraduates to calculate the cardiovascular risk in healthy patients, induce changes in their habits, and, at the same time, contextualizing the physiological knowledge. A total of 100 second year medical students were recruited from the chair of Physiology of the University of Buenos Aires Medicine School, together with 11 ex-students who took the first two courses with real patients in an school based on the OSCE (Objective Structured Clinical Evaluation) guidelines. The course consisted on six encounters lasting 150 minutes reflecting routine medical activity: physician office practice (50 min) and seminar-debate (100 min).

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Revista argentina de cardiología. ISSN en línea 1850-3748. Argentine journal of cardiology (English ed. Online ISSN 2314-2286) Sociedad Argentina de Cardiología. Azcuénaga 980 (C1115AAD),Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, República Argentina. Tel. (54 11) 4961-6027/8/9 Fax: 4961-6020 www.sac.org.ar revista@sac.org.ar