C-Reactive Protein: A Biomarker Associated with the Metabolic Syndrome and Abdominal

Silvia Fabiana Benozzi, Fernando ¨Perruzza, Graciela Laura Pennacchiotti

Abstract


Clinical and biochemical parameters including high sensitivity C-reactive protein of an Argentine population of 467 adult patients from both sexes were evaluated in a cross-sectional study in order to analyze the distribution of high sensitivity C-reactive protein and to study the association of this biomarker with the metabolic syndrome and its components. The median value of high sensitivity C-reactive protein in the population was of 1.3 mg/L and there were no significant differences between both sexes. Subjects with metabolic syndrome had higher levels of high sensitivity C-reactive protein compared to those without metabolic syndrome, 3.1 and 1.1 (p = 0.000), respectively. Abdominal obesity, low HDL-C levels according to sex and blood pressure ³ 130/85 mm Hg were independent variables associated with CRP > 3 mg/dl (OR 3.0 p = 0,000, OR 2.5 p = 0,000 and OR 2.1 p = 0.005, respectively). After adjusting for confounders, the relative likelihood of presenting high sensitivity C-reactive protein > 3.0 mg/L was 4.8 times greater in subjects with metabolic syndrome compared to those without metabolic syndrome. These results show a strong relation between adipose tissue, cardiovascular disease and inflammation.


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Revista argentina de cardiología. ISSN en línea 1850-3748. Argentine journal of cardiology (English ed. Online ISSN 2314-2286) Sociedad Argentina de Cardiología. Azcuénaga 980 (C1115AAD),Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, República Argentina. Tel. (54 11) 4961-6027/8/9 Fax: 4961-6020 www.sac.org.ar revista@sac.org.ar