THE PERMIAN-TRIASSIC LOW SULFIDATION EPITHERMAL AU DEPOSIT OF DON SIXTO, MENDOZA

Ana Cecilia Mugas Lobos, María Florencia Márquez-Zavalía, Miguel Ángel Galliski, Markus Wälle

Resumen


Don Sixto is a 252.7±1.3 Ma low sulfidation epithermal Au deposit located in Mendoza, Argentina. The mineralization in this area (~4km2) reaches a gold resource of 1,258,000 ounces, occurring as Au-quartz veins and Au-dissemination in volcanic-pyroclastic unitsclosely related to the Choiyoi magmatism. Seven stages of mineralization were recognized, where quartz is the major gangue mineralwith lesser adularia and fluorite (± calcite). The most representative vein textures are massive, crustiform, and comb. Bladed quartztogether with adularia (± calcite) were recognized in the stages 2 and 4. Abundant pyrite and lesser arsenopyrite, chalcopyrite andsphalerite were recognized in most stages. Gold has variable fineness and occurs mainly in the stage 4, together with scarce uytenbogaardtite,acanthite and Se- and Te-bearing minerals. Microthermometry data indicate that mineralizing fluids were diluted (<5.16wt%ClNaequiv) with average homogenization temperatures reaching <316.0 ºC. LA-ICP-MS results indicate that the highest values ofNa, K and S were reached in the stage 4 and 5, closely related to boiling conditions in the former. In general, a limited data set wasobtained due to the small size of the fluid inclusions and the low signals that prevented analysis, which are common characteristics oflow sulfidation deposits. The stable isotope data δ18OH2O indicate a major meteoric water source for the oxygen in the fluids. Regardingδ34S, the preliminary value does not define a unique source; instead a mixed one is feasible between magmatic source and a possiblecontribution from the sedimentary Agua Escondida Formation.


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Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina. ISSN en línea 1851-8249.ISSN impreso 0004-4822. ISSN CD-ROM 2250-5571. Registro de la Propiedad Intelectual Nº 52500703. Asociación Geológica Argentina. Maipú 645 (1006), Buenos Aires, República Argentina. Teléfono y Fax:  (+54) 11 4325 3104. http://www.geologica.org.ar/ secretaria@geologica.org.ar