LA AGUADITA TRACHYTE: NEW EXPONENT OF TRIASSIC ALKALINE MAGMATISM IN SIERRA DE VALLE FÉRTIL, WESTERN SIERRAS PAMPEANAS

Brigida M. Castro de Machuca, María G. López, Diego Morata, Alicia Conte-Grand, Sandra Pontoriero

Resumen


La Aguadita Trachyte, in Sierra de Valle Fértil, is a new outcrop referring to the Triassic alkaline magmatism. The trachyte body was emplaced along a NNW-trending fault zone overlying the crystalline basement. The trachyte consists mainly of anorthoclase and sanidine as pheno- and microphenocrysts, with lesser amounts of arfvedsonite and ferro-eckermannite in the groundmass. It is moderately evolved in composition with 66.5-69.1 wt.% SiO2 and exhibits a limited compositional range in most of the major elements. The rare earth elements (REE) pattern is somewhat uniform and highly fractionated, being enriched in light REE over heavy REE and showing a prominent negative Eu anomaly. The trachyte is enriched in high field strength elements Nb, Zr, and Y, consistent with typical intraplate alkaline magmatism under extensional tectonic regime. It is proposed to be genetically related with other alkaline volcanic rocks outcropping in the area, and generated from the same parental mantellic source (i.e., asthenospheric mantle source) through open-system fractional crystallization. eNd values of +2.6 are consistent with slightly crustal contamination during trachyte generation. Thus, La Aguadita Trachyte could be the result of a combination of fractional crystallization of mantle-derived basaltic magma and crustal assimilation. Radiometric age dating of 218 ± 7 Ma on the trachyte (K-Ar age, whole rock) expands the range of the Triassic alkaline volcanism known in the area to the Upper Triassic, and confirms a regional volcanic event related to uplift in an extensional tectonic environment.

 


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Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina. ISSN en línea 1851-8249.ISSN impreso 0004-4822. ISSN CD-ROM 2250-5571. Registro de la Propiedad Intelectual Nº 52500703. Asociación Geológica Argentina. Maipú 645 (1006), Buenos Aires, República Argentina. Teléfono y Fax:  (+54) 11 4325 3104. http://www.geologica.org.ar/ secretaria@geologica.org.ar