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Author Guidelines


This Journal publishes original articles, short and technical notes and review articles in all fields of botany, and the biology of soils or terrestrial and aquatic plants.

Manuscripts reporting results of descriptive, historical and experimental studies on any aspect of botany, and soil or plant biology, and at the scale of organism, population, community, ecosystem and landscape are solicited, as well as manuscripts on ecological theory.

Phyton, International Journal of Experimental Botany also publishes Symposium proceedings, thesis and comments on recent papers in the journal. As from 1 December 2015 only original articles written in English will be accepted for publication consideration.

Authors should have manuscripts thoroughly reviewed by colleagues regarding both technical content and English or Spanish grammar in their own Institution and elsewhere before submitting them. It is not the task of the Executive Editor, Associate Editors or Journal reviewers to edit poorly prepared papers or to correct readily detectable errors. Papers not properly prepared will be returned to the author.

A photo will be included in the front cover. We ask all those who submit articles for publication consideration in the Journal to provide potential photos to be included in the front cover.




Manuscripts are reviewed by members of the Editorial Board, appropriate referees, and the Executive Editor. The final decision to accept or reject a manuscript is made by the Executive Editor, who will inform authors on acceptance, revision, or rejection of manuscripts.

The Executive Editor will send manuscripts for review to appropriate Associate Editors. These Associate Editors will obtain 2 reviews of each manuscript. Reviewers are responsible for critical evaluation to determine whether or not a manuscript meets scientific and literary standards. Where reviewers disagree, the Associate Editor will review the manuscript before recommending its acceptance or rejection to the Executive Editor, who will be responsible for editing the manuscript. The Associate Editors may also decide to return to the author those manuscripts that require revision to meet format criteria before the critical review. Manuscripts found inappropriate for Phyton will be released to the author by the Executive Editor. Associate Editors must obtain a manuscript reviewed within two months. Revisions not returned within 3 months are considered terminated. Authors who consider that their manuscript has received an unsatisfactory review may file an appeal with the Executive Editor, who will review the manuscript.

IMPORTANT: The revised version must be accompanied by a separate file containing the responses to each of the questions raised by the reviewers. In addition, all changes made in the text, tables and/or figures of the re-submitted manuscript must be highlighted using an intense, primary color (e.g., red, yellow).



All parts of the manuscripts, including tables and figure legends must be typed and double-spaced throughout on one side, wide margins on A4 white paper.

Articles must be attached as Microsoft Word 2007 files or higher, and be in accordance to the guide for authors specified below. Figures can be sent separately (see below: Format of Figures and Tables).

All pages must be numbered starting from the Title Page.



Title Page

The title page should contain the following:


ü     Main title (lowercase letters).

ü     Authors listed in the order in which they are to appear and affiliation(s).

ü     Institutional addresses.

ü     Running title (in the main language of the manuscript, not exceeding 50 characters including punctuation and spaces).

ü     Total number of figures and/or tables.

ü     Mailing address and e-mail of the corresponding author.




The manuscript must be arranged as follows:

  1. TITLE. The title should be brief, specific and should not include abbreviations. It cannot exceed 100 characters, including spaces.
    It must always be submitted in both English and Spanish, in lowercase letters.
  2. ABSTRACT. Submit an abstract (300-word maximum) of the manuscript which must include a statement of the problem, methods of study, results and conclusions. It must always be submitted on a separate sheet in both English and Spanish.
    Keywords must always be submitted right after each abstract in both English and Spanish, headed by capital letters and separated by semicolons.
  3. INTRODUCTION. State concisely the purpose and rationale for the study.
  4. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Describe the plan, the experimental species, materials and controls, the methods and procedures utilized and the statistical method(s) employed, in sufficient detail to enable the experiments to be reproduced.
  5. RESULTS. Present the detailed findings. Include mentions of all tables and/or figures. Figures and tables should supplement, not duplicate, the text. Emphasize only your important observations. Do not compare your observations with those of others. Such comparisons and comments are reserved for the Discussion section.
  6. DISCUSSION. Must be restricted to the analysis and interpretation of the meaning of the statistically significant results and their relation with other papers.
  8. REFERENCES. References to articles and books should be limited to published work, work in press, or theses and dissertations.


Please make sure all the references in the text are included in the Reference section.
When citing more than two authors in the text, please use the last name of the first author followed by et al. and the year of publication.

Citations in the text should use the following forms:

Jones (1990)


Smith & Jones (1992)

or (Smith et al., 1991).

If the manuscript is written in Spanish, “&” must be replaced by “y” anywhere in the manuscript.

Full references must be listed alphabetically at the end of the manuscript under the subheading References. Please use italics for the names of periodical publications.

Make sure that all references have the correct format.


Examples (for manuscripts written in English):

Briske, D.D. & J.H. Richards (1995). Plant responses to defoliation: A physiological, morphological and demographic evaluation. In: Bedunah, D.J. and Sosebee, R.E. (eds), pp. 635-710. Wildland Plants. Physiological Ecology and Developmental Morphology. Society for Range Management, Denver, Colorado, USA. 710 p.

Jones, H.G. (1992). Plants and microclimate. A quantitative approach to environmental plant physiology. University Press, Cambridge. 428 p.

Howe, H.F. & J. Smallwood (1982). Ecology of Seed Dispersal. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 13: 201-228.

Saint Pierre, C., C.A. Busso, O.A. Montenegro, G.D. Rodríguez, H.D. Giorgetti, T. Montani & O.A. Bravo (2004). Defoliation tolerance and ammonium uptake rate in perennial tussock grasses. Journal of Range Management 57: 82-88.

Flemmer, A.C., C.A. Busso, T. Montani, O.A. Fernández, C. Saint Pierre & M.L. García (1999). Growth of S. gynerioides in competition with defoliated or undefoliated desirable perennial grasses under different levels of soil water availability. People and Rangelands Building the Future, Proceedings of the VI International Rangeland Congress, Eldridge, D. & Freudenberger, D. (Eds.), Townsville, Australia, pp. 248-249.

Lencinas, M.V., G.M. Pastur, E. Gallo, A. Moretto, C.A. Busso & P. Peri (2006). Mitigation of biodiversity losses in Nothofagus pumilio managed forests of South Patagonia. Workshop on Forest Fragmentation in South America, San Carlos de Bariloche, Argentina, in CD.

Busso, C.A., M. Mazzola, B.L. Perryman & H.A. Glimp (2004). Seed weight and its relationship to environmental variables and germination in Artemisia tridentata ssp. wyomingensis. International Conference of the Society for Ecological Restoration, August 24-26, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canadá. p. 18.


  1. LEGENDS OF TABLES AND FIGURES. Legends must be typed on a separate sheet in both English and Spanish; they must contain a short description and the enlargement of optical and electron micrographs. Example: (x 20,000)



Make tables and figures self-contained and self-explanatory. They should supplement, not duplicate the text. A brief caption for each table or figure should be provided in both English and Spanish. The explanations of the measures and statistics employed must be provided in footnotes to the table. Symbols and physical units must be subjected to the International System (I.S.) of abbreviations.

For best reproduction, electronic artwork files must be in TIFF, EPS or JPG format, at a resolution of 300 dpi, sized to print in color version [one column (8.5 cm), two columns (17.5 cm)]. We cannot guarantee quality of figures in the printed version unless these requirements are met.

Color Tables and Figures will be included in the online and .pdf versions, but only in black and white in the printed version.

    Use the International Unit System throughout the text. Please use, for example, kg/ha, kg/ha/day, kg/m2, mg/L, tillers/plant, cm/cm3, °C, p<0.05 rather than using kg ha-1, kg ha-1 day-1, kg m-2, mg L-1, tillers plant-1, cm cm-3, C, P<0.05. Measurement units must always be indicated in lowercase letters.

They are welcome only if the results in the paper provide a new or unique contribution of immediate importance. They are to consist of either (1) no more than 1200 words, one table or graph and one plate of photographs. They must fulfill the instructions for original articles and may or may not have subtitle/s, or (2) not more than 5000 words, and tables and/or graphs. They must follow the instructions for original articles and include their sections (i.e., Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion and References).


The basis for the Nomenclature of taxa and syntaxa used should be indicated in the Methods section, as should the latitude and longitude of the study site(s), if appropriate. Acknowledgments and dedications must be placed after the Main text and before the References.

    Information too detailed to be included in the main text, for instance a list of areas sampled or technical details of a model may be presented in appendices. Appendices should be numbered sequentially and placed before the References.



Scientific names of genera and species must be given in full with authority when they are cited for the first time. If species names occur repeatedly in the text the genus name may be abbreviated. Common names must not be used.




Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The manuscript complies with the “Focus and Scope” and “Author Guidelines”.
  2. The manuscript has not been published in any media and will not be submitted to any other journal or any other publication form during the revision process.
  3. All the authors are responsible for the content of the manuscript and for the payment of publication fees.
  4. All the authors state whether there was conflict of interest.
  5. All external financial resources are declared.
  6. The abstract in English and Spanish, and the keywords do not exceed the maximum stated in the “Author Guidelines”.
  7. Authors AGREE to pay USD 60 per print page plus USD 80 for handling costs once their manuscript has been accepted for publication in Phyton, International Journal of Experimental Botany.
  8. We have checked the verification checklist before submitting the material.

Privacy Statement

Names and e-mail addresses provided to this journal will be used exclusively for the purposes stated and will not be available for any other purpose or any other person.


Licencia Creative Commons
Los trabajos publicados en esta revista están bajo la licencia Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial 2.5 Argentina.

Phyton. International Journal of Experimental Botany. ISSN print 0031-9457 ISSN en line 1851-5657 Fundación Rómulo Raggio Gaspar Campos 861,  Vicente López, Buenos Aires, Argentina (C.P. 1638) Tel 54 11 4791-0868 / 4796-1456